Around the world, a wave of remunicipalisation has returned water services to the public hands - most of the time, after decades of private mismanagement.
A study by the Transnational Institute shows that, globally, the cases of remunicipalisation have increased from two cases in two countries in 2000, when less than one million people in total were affected by remunicipalisation, to 235 cases in 37 countries by
March 2015. By then, the total number of people served by remunicipalised water services had grown to exceed 100 million.
Cases are more concentrated in high-income countries, where 184 remunicipalisations took place in the last 15 years, compared to 51 cases in middle and low-income countries.
Two countries, France with 94 cases and the US with 58 cases, account for the great majority of cases in high-income countries. The number of remunicipalisation cases has nearly doubled after 2009, in France, due to mainly the example of Paris which signalled an even stronger acceleration.
We are interested in hearing about the situation in your country, especially in low and middle-income countries, where the wave of remunicipalisation seems to be yet weaker. Join our movement to stop privatisation of water provision and sanitation services or reverse it where it had already happened. Contact us on email@example.com or through comments on our blog.
A surprising 40 percent of the water footprint for European consumers lies outside the continent, often in places facing severe water problems. Much of our food and many other goods are imported from countries with water-stressed catchments. Food production, in particular, uses a lot of water.
To produce one 200-gram steak, an average of 3,000 litres of water is consumed. A 200-gram chocolate bar requires 3,400 litres of water. Feed for livestock and food for our direct consumption are intensively traded, often coming from water-scarce places. For example, it has been estimated that about 50 percent of the water footprint of consumers in the United Kingdom lies in river basins where water consumption exceeds sustainable levels, all outside the country.
Groundwater reserves are being depleted at worrying rates as well, on all continents. Water pollution is pervasive as well. Fertilizers and pesticides from farming end up in rivers, violating water quality standards without any serious action taken by authorities
It´s important that we promote the transition towards the sustainable, fair and efficient use of freshwater resources worldwide and promote the environmental sustainability of water use in the food production and supply chains.
The mercury sprints past 30 degrees Celsius most days on Brazil’s world-famous Copacabana Beach. Marcio Silva has walked untold miles here selling bottled water from a cooler to local sun-worshippers and sunburnt tourists alike—half a liter of convenient refreshment and defense against dehydration.
“I drink water because water is life, water is health, water is everything,” says Silva, who is 51. “I drink it and sell it to others.”
“I don’t want to sell something bad to people.”
The water looks clear, clean, unsullied. So does the bottle. For some, it’s a container of convenience. For others, it’s a hedge against dirty or unsafe tap water.
Bottled water is marketed as the very essence of purity. It's the fastest-growing beverage market in the world, valued at US$147 billion1 per year.
But new research by Orb Media, a nonprofit journalism organization based in Washington, D.C., shows that a single bottle can hold dozens or possibly even thousands of microscopic plastic particles.
Tests on more than 250 bottles from 11 brands reveal contamination with plastic including polypropylene, nylon, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
When contacted by reporters, two leading brands confirmed their products contained microplastic, but they said Orb's study significantly overstates the amount.
For plastic particles in the 100 micron, or 0.10 millimetre size range, tests conducted for Orb at the State University of New York revealed a global average of 10.4 plastic particles per liter. These particles were confirmed as plastic using an industry standard infrared microscope.
TweetThe tests also showed a much greater number of even smaller particles that researchers said are also likely plastic. The global average for these particles was 314.6 per litre.
article originally published by Orb Media
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